Welcome to our “Remington Ju-Ju 101” series. In this series, we educate you on various Remington firearms. This sub-series covers the Remington Model 700, which is truly an iconic gun. In this post, we will specifically cover the myriad of variations and nomenclature that is associated with the Remington Model 700 rifle.
The Remington Model 700 rifle – this gun is an icon that has been around for almost half of a decade. Arriving on the rifle scene in the early 1960’s, it has become a mainstay of shooters, hunters and even some long distance shooting experts. As we will show, there are a lot variations to the core Model 700.
The common element among all Remington Model 700’s is the action. The action is the receiver of the rifle where the bolt moves through, the rounds are ejected from and to where the barrel attaches. In a bolt action rifle, it is the core of the rifle build. Remington has often marketed its action as 3 rings of steel.
The Remington Model 700 has served as the foundation for sniper weapons for both the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps for over 30 years. It has served as a workhorse weapon for law enforcement across (almost) every state.
Since 2007, a serious issue was found with the trigger mechanism and has marred the image of the Remington Model 700 rifle. Most shooters of the Model 700 replace the stock trigger mechanisms with after-market triggers. This is due to trust issues with how Remington has handled this issue.
Model 700 Variations
There are 12 public variations of the Remington Model 700 platform. These variations are:
- Model 700
- Model 700 SPS
- Model 700 ADL
- Model 700 BDL
- Model 700 CDL
- Model 700 VTR
- Model 700 Safari
- Model 700 5-R “Mil-Spec”
- Model 700 Tactical Chassis
- Model 700 Long Range
- Model 700 AICS
- Model 700 AAC-SD
These public models largely differ in the secondary configuration elements, as well as the bells and whistles. For instance, the difference between the ADL and the BDL version is a fixed base plate (“blind magazine”) and a hinged base plate (“hinged magazine”). ADL stands for Average Deluxe and BDL stands for Better Deluxe. Although the ADL version was discontinued in 2005, it is not uncommon to find “new versions” still in dealer stock.
Other models, like CDL, are the BDL configuration with a wood stock. Remington is generating new variants every year, so if in doubt, look up the variant specifier.
Remington, also, makes 4 private versions: 2 for law enforcement and 2 for the military. These versions are:
- Model 700P
- Model 700P LTR
- Model 700 M24
- Model 700 M40
The Model 700P is a police sniper model designed to be “out of the box and mission ready”. The LTR version is a light tactical rifle variant of the “P” model. Also, there is the M24 which is the U.S. Army sniper specification, and the M40 which is the U.S. Marine Corps sniper variation.
What Makes a Model 700?
So, what really “makes” a Model 700? It is pretty simple – the action. The Remington Model 700 action is the core element that does not change, except for the action length. It comes in two flavors: short action and long action. Those with short actions are designed for calibers that have a short cartridge length, such as the 308 Winchester. Those with long actions are designed for calibers that have a long cartridge length, such as the 300 Winchester Magnum.
Any model variant is built around a short or long action. All of the parts interchange per an action type (long/short), except for occasionally in the long action bolts. Some long action cartridges require specific bolts for the cartridge size. So, an ADL/BDL/CDL built around a long action will exchange with one another.
What “makes” a Model 700 is the action.
The Remington Model 700 action is as close to a “standard” as exists in the bolt action rifle world. In fact, many custom bolt action rifles were built as clones that are compatible to the Model 700 action.
Action – This is the core of the Model 700 rifle. It is the portion of the rifle that the bolt moves through and that connects the barrel to the rest of the functioning rifle.
Barrel – The component extending from the end of the action which is sized to the caliber of the gun, rifled and chamber for a specific caliber.
Bolt – The tube structure that has an arm that manipulates it. Inside the bolt resides a firing pin that is used to ignite a cartridge. The bolt chambers and ejects rounds, as well as lock them firmly in place during firing.
Magazine – Whether internal or external, this is the housing for unfired rounds. This extends into the bottom of the action to allow the bolt to pick up a fresh round during its forward movement.
Magazine Follower – A shaped metal or plastic piece that covers the magazine spring and aids in aligning the round during its movement toward the chamber.
Magazine Spring – The spring pushes rounds upward into the action as the bolt moves forward.
Recoil Lug – A hourglass shaped piece that sits between the front of the action and the barrel. This is used to properly align and space the barrel.
Stock – The frame that has a hand guard and buttstock element, as well as a place for the trigger to extend allowing for proper usage. The stock is made of wood, plastic or other variants.
Trigger Cartridge – The complete trigger component in a frame that aligns it for proper installation into a Model 700 action.
The Remington Model 700 is an iconic rifle which has been in use for over half of a century. It has many model variants, but it all boils down to two core action variations: long and short actions. The nomenclature for the gun is fairly simple, though somewhat unique. Once you get it all down, working with the Model 700 is pretty easy.